RESEARCH ON EVOLUTION IN RURAL TOURISM PERSPECTIVE OF SUSTAINNABLE DEVELOPMENT. CASE STUDY: AREA VADU CRISULUI
It is designed as a complete set of alternatives to generate income for rural residents, resulting in a tourism city of economic growth and improve those living conditions. Tourism in this environment has direct action on business and property residents. Agrotourism or rural tourism plays an important role in the revitalization and social development and environmental impact and rural areas. Families in rural areas are meant to be an entity of farmers to prepare for their new role of tourism entrepreneurs. din zonele rurale au menirea de a fi o entitate de agricultori care se pregateasc pentru noul lor rol de turism antreprenori.
Key words: tourism, agricultural, sustainable development, concept.
Rural tourism in the
concept of sustainable development involves three aspects, namely:
- Aspects of economic, by increasing operating and recovery resources
- Environmental issues, on the recycling and environmental degradation,
- Social issues, on increasing the number of jobs, the practice of traditional habits in order to attract tourists.
At present, rural areas go through a series of difficulties resulting crisis in agriculture so that farmers and their families seek new opportunities for employment. Among these new opportunities, rural tourism is presented as an alternative to diversify their traditions with obtaining a financial capital without affecting the traditions preserved for generations. Thus, the practice of agro tourism is by knit great variety of activities made possible in this framework with the hospitality of the rural population.
It is an ongoing industry
growth in our country, the rural population must adapt to new requirements and
rules imposed by the EU as well as to keep the tradition. In keeping to this
requirement, rural population will benefit from a higher economic income. In
terms of sustainable development, rural tourism is tourism destinations ability
to remain competitive against all problems, to attract visitors for the first
time and I fidelizeze subsequently to remain unique in terms of cultural and be
in a permanent equilibrium with the environment.
Sustainable tourism must balance the balance between satisfying the needs of two types: economic development and protection of potential natural environment as a whole. Agrotourism or rural tourism plays an important role in the revitalization and social development and environmental impact and rural areas.
Rural tourism includes a range of products, services and facilities promoted by the inhabitants of rural areas to attract tourists in their region in order to generate additional income and employment. Hospitality provides a wide range of activities and services, items that are contained in a package with the role to attract tourists in the area. It is an initiative coordinated by the rural community that is involved in this initiative all the members of the community.
Rural tourism encourages the creation of recreational
facilities for locals and tourists, the incomes and stimulate
commerce, generate jobs, which represent a factor for the development of the
region's economy and recovery of natural resources. A region of rural
localities can not enter into a competition to provide tourists with a system
integrated and centralized coordination for products and services but in
particular must provide information on tourism related products each locality,
as well as information relating to infrastructure.
This integrated system from community involvement. Competitiveness does not mean that rural tourism should be equal to a certain type of high standard in terms of hotels in cities or on the coast. The power of rural tourism lies in the particular product that gives man and rural areas and geographically.
Therefore, the EU deals with an approach to tourism as an
integral part of program development,
with effective support from state agencies and involvement of interest groups and local people, especially small farmers and their families, and non-agricultural sectors of the community. The objective of this research study is to demonstrate previous experience that had a Vadu Crisului area residents before the area became a tourist, and consequently their role to develop and promote the area.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
The research period was one year, months respectively in August 2007 and
August 2008. The procedures used were based bibliographic research and
documentaries, supplemented by interviews with local people who are part of all
social categories, as well as methods of direct observation. I also used books,
magazines, maps and articles submitted locally. People who have given me
information are part of the following categories, namely: the mayor and local
council of the village, the priest, the elderly (people), employees of the
forest, teachers in the area, and families who have
shared this experience. The vast majority of these people had a certain
experience in this regard. The interviews were open nature of discussions.
Observations obtained after the interviews, as well as legends from the area
have recorded at the end of each day, in the form of journal writing. We have
also been integrated into society and invited to participate in all kinds of
specific activities area, involved me to assess the quality of services
provided by families already involved in the process of rural tourism.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Background and historical area Vadu Crisului.
Town Vadu Crisului is situated in the north-west of
Town Vadu Crisului consists of four municipalities, namely:
- Vadu Crisului-center town
- Birtin-town situated at the foot of the Mountains Forest Craiului distance of 1km from the center of the village, is crossed by the county road DJ 108 I - Astileu-Vadu Crisului.
- Cris Topa of-town located depression Vadului the E60 highway at a
distance of 2km of Vadu Crisului, is crossed by
- Autumnal - a village situated on the heights Mountains
Administrative area (fig. 1) of the total Vadu Crisului is 6751ha area
is divided by localities in the following manner: Vadu Crisului - 3867
meters, Birtin - 342 meters, the Topa River - 476 meters, autumnal - 2066
Fig. 1. Area rural village Vadu Crisului.
The history, shared their Vadu Crisului being made this civilization since the Stone Age (Paleolithic), testimonies underlying this argument is archeological discoveries, especially in caves in the area, which have revealed vestiges database until age Bronze. People were calling the cultivation of land, raising livestock and pottery. The latter concern is attested in the documents since 1639. Of old XVIII - XIX, the population is in an increasing number, Vadu Crisului being the largest city in the valley Crisului Quickly. Ethnic composition has always been consistent: about 65% Romanians, 33% Hungarians and other nationalities.
Entry into service of the railways, section I-Suncuius, in 1870, the
discovery in 1905 by a famous cave rich in fauna cavernicola, gave new
impetus to the development of the village, and that becomes a fascinating tour.
Many inhabitants of the village Vadu Crisului participated in the popular
uprising from Attack in 1905, some were killed and others arrested. World War I
(1914-1918) discontinue development of the
settlements, many sons of the three villages falling on strong fronts for what
concerned them was foreign. I see the villagers, Birtin Topa and participated in the National Assembly of Alba
Iulia, where the union decided to Transylvania to
1930 brought an event that has emotional footprint for a
long time on the town. On June 6, following the loss of one of the tanks of the
aircraft, has remained flat fuel and landed in the outskirts of the village's
future regeCarol II, who came to Bucharest to Munich viaViena. The girl who
gave the king to drink water from pitcher of clay was taken to
Teamster who left the wagon and has reserves of fuel for aircraft was
engaged CFR. Good receiving what was then led a long relationship with the
sympathy of the sovereign people. In place of landing the plane was built a
monument and later a barracks where the events took place during the day King. A
delegation from Vadu-Cris participates in the parade each year in
The family name of the girl was Mudura, but in
Second Vienna Award (30 August 1940) has brought these lands Hungarian
state administration. Horthyste armies have been received with joy by the
Hungarian population (8 September 1940) that passed the measures of replacing
all of Romanian institutions. World War II has strongly affected the lives of
people, many Sateni falling in fighting away from home, but resulted in
the cancellation Dictate, Romanian and Soviet armies entering into Vadu
Crisului and Birtin on 14 October 1944. In withdrawing, military
After 1948, the communist regime imposed by measures that have affected the property itself inhabitants, to cooperativizat agriculture, were nationalized all small businesses in the village. Among the achievements of these years, in the first place is virtually establishment High School, one of the first in the rural area (1953) subsequently equipped with a modern building but disbanded in 1973 and re in 1990 and has had teachers of high value and He gave generations of graduates that have been said on nationally.
From 1955, Vadu Crisului cave and waterfall with the narrow path have been declared natural reserve, all this year has ended and the electrification of the village. In 1962 started building a modern cultural hostel which was then noticed by the rich to work. The idea to harness local potters creativity and desire to put the record folklore area led in 1969 to launch an event became tradition: Fair of Customs salt, then held each year on the first Sunday in June . It bears its name in memory of the place, a Vadului on River where the clearance between the goods and salt in centuries XIII - XV.
2. Presentation points tourist area Vadu Crisului.
Sightseeing in Vadu city Crisului are: Nature Reserve 'Defile Crisului Hurry' (219.7 hectares) and in the area can practice rafting, climbing and classic sports, canyoning and caves. Vadu Crisului cave is located in the slope left of Defile Crisului Quick, at about 250 meters downstream from a halt Cave, and has the mouth of entry to only 295 m altitude, making it one of the lowest in the country.
Discovered in 1903 by the inspector Karl Handl, it is explored, books and described by the first soda, and then in 1907 is the first arrangement of its culverts and wooden staircases. Is a researcher from the fauna, and after the first soda is forced, and describes crease section of the second siphons. After 1948, tourism organizations of the General Council of Trade Unions restore and enhance the tourism complex of outdoor stairs and renew pedestals from the cave and tries to electrification with the current produced by an electric turbine triggered by the waters of course below In period 1955-1963 cave was investigated by I. Viehmann, and T. C. Plesa Rusu, who study the fauna on cavernicole addition, it produces a complete map of the underground Golului, determine the origin of water, explore section of the second sifoane and make clarifications of the genetic and evolutionary . In 1969, Tara Museum in Oradea Cris reamenajeaza with a ladder and culverts, metal and concrete, and oelectrifica on about 600 m in length. Later this cave is the subject of environmental research and measurements topoclimatice, then was presented in the awareness of gaps Karst.
Defile Crisului Quick (Fig.2) shine through the picturesque, or note of new
and remarkable accessibility, conferred by the existence of roads upgraded
roads and the railways
Fauna these forests is typical for the areas of deal: deer, wild boar, hare, fox or wolf can be found in large numbers and can often be encountered. Avifauna is also remarkable because this squirrel the cuckoo, presurei golden or codobaturii. A new bill is conferred by cavernicola fauna, consisting of worms, little crabs or insects that live only in the underground.
Karst is represented by the mark. Cave Vantului with those over 50 km of galleries is the largest underground network of the country, has the status of reserve Speleological and can be visited only after obtaining a special permits. Tourists can enjoy visiting the underground cave landscape Unguru Mare (electrified) to Pestera of Vadu Crisului (arranged by the stairs and culverts) and the most experienced can choose to caves Old or Moan. In terms of forms on the surface of Karst terrain, Plateau Ten Borders is among the largest and most beautiful forms of such country. New landscape is given by various doline, Uvala, dry valleys, lapiezuri, existing. Availability of accommodation are varied. Cave chalets and Zenovie House, Castle, namely the Suncuius camp, or camping in the tent staff are alternatives they can use. Network is relatively extensive markings, routes starting from Cottage Cave Suncuius or place.
Defile Suncuius - Vadu Crisului is located on the river Crisul quick and
impressive traveler by the multitude of caves among the most important is that
in Vadu Crisului. Is a very complex karst scenic, subject to calcarele Craiului
trees. Also on the narrow path bordered by
Crisului Quick steep wild, there are a series
of caves, some of which are significant:
It should be noted that Cave Vadului is fitted with in the immediate
vicinity and a chalet with a very picturesque. The beauty spot is highlighted
and the cascade Pestireu brook, which crosses the Cave Vadului. Exurgenta
represents the karst cave Vadu-Cris is placed into the Crisului Quickly. Cave
is the largest of the gate and is known by a waterfall that forms the waters
just out of the cave, shop-in Crisul Quickly. It has a length of 1510 m. It has
been discovered since 1903, and then arranged to visit the very short time with
culverts and wooden staircases, thus becoming one of the first caves arranged
Along with the opening of the cave to visit in the year 1905 is published
by his Czaran Gyula and the first tourist guide of the cave that contained a
detailed description of the visit accompanied by a remarkable draft. It was
then restaured after 1948 by the Organization for Tourism of the General
Council of Trade Unions, with the opportunity to try and introduction of
electric lighting. In the year 1969 is again restaured (the Museum of the
Cris-Oradea) and electrified over a distance of 500 meters, the two electrified
Cave was the discovery in the year 1903 one of the most
Fig.2. Presentation of the topography of the pass Crisul Quick and surrounding areas
Wall railway station
The wall of the snail
11. Gray wall
3. Organizing and promoting tourist area Vadu Crisului.
Most role meant to organize and promote tourism zone has Hall of the local and Local Council. In recent years, both the mayor and councilors have developed a series of strategies to promote the area managed to bring in investors in the area of tourism. Besides a number of families have passed agrotourism providing tourists places even in their own households is presented and preserved the tradition of this area. We also have implemented web pages can be accessed by both the Romans and tourists from foreign tourists.
From the historic area Vadu Crisului was continuously subjected to many
Tourism has emerged as a proposal to improve the economy in the future population, but not unfold in the past.
Tenants are designed to improve the standard of family economically through tourism, without losing the individuality and control over the business.
In the town of
In a more poetic, and even commercial instead of the end, we quote the author Alexander Spanu, the story 'Iubind among Crisuri' namely: 'In Vadu Crisului, the air has color, color clam flushed with stubbornness. Let then the sun is spargandu-n-pearl, mix with symbolic atoms enervate. And gains unearthly voice. Astral. tone and color it is the air Vadu !' .
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9. email@example.com, the web page.
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